Almonds contain approximately 49% oils, of which 62% is monounsaturated oleic acid (an omega-9 fatty acid), 24% is linoleic acid (a polyunsaturated omega-6 essential fatty acid), and 6% is palmitic acid (a saturated fatty acid). "Oleum Amygdalae", the fixed oil,is prepared from either variety of almond and is a glyceryl oleate, with a slight odor and a nutty taste.
It is almost insoluble in alcohol but readily soluble in chloroform or ether. Sweet almond oil is obtained from the dried kernel of sweet almonds. The oil is good for application to the skin as an emollient, and has been traditionally used by massage therapists to lubricate the skin during a massage session. It is a mild, light weight oil that can be used as a substitute for olive oil. Almond oil is also used as a wood conditioner of certain woodwind instruments, such as the oboe and clarinet.